Today the number of reported cases of bed bugs is on the rise in the U.S. This is largely due to the fact that they have become resistant to pesticides due to overuse. Bed bugs are a nuisance, and can take a mental toll on those dealing with an infestation. They are not considered a health risk, as they are not known to transmit disease.
How to deal with an infestation.
Professionals have the tools and knowledge to control an infestation. If you can not hire a professional, there are some do-it-yourself options that can be effective. The best options include heat, drying agents, or removal of infested items. These techniques may be used in combination for better results.
Launder all items that may be infested with hot water and then dry on high heat. Items that can not be laundered may be steam cleaned. The steam needs to be at 130 degrees Fahrenheit. Another option is to place items in a black bag and place it in the sun or in your car in the heat.
Desiccants are chemicals used to dry things out. There are several you can buy over-the-counter. Be sure to use them according to directions. Place the powder where bed bugs may be coming and going to feed, such as around the legs of beds, under the mattress, or places they may hide, such as floor boards or other tight spaces. This method may take some time to effectively eliminate the bed bugs.
Place items into a bag and place in a freezer that is 0 degrees Fahrenheit for at least 3 days.
Removal of infested items.
If there are infested items that can not be treated, disposing of them may be the best option. It is best to encase the items in something so that the infestation is not spread during the removal of the item. Take the item directly to the landfill for disposal.
If signs of bed bug infestation continue after treatment, retreat and monitor until you have eliminated the infestation.